Counseling For Bipolar Disorder
People with bipolar disorder experience moods that cycle between depression and mania, hence the old term for this condition, manic-depressive disorder. Depression involves a sad mood and loss of interest of previously enjoyed activities for a significant period of time. Mania involves an elevated mood, being excitable, and full of energy. An elevated mood may shift to an irritable one, being easily annoyed or set off. Manic episodes can cause intense interest in particular activities, sleeplessness, racing thoughts, rapid speaking, and physical agitation.
Periods of engaging in risky behavior, like drug or alcohol use, excessive shopping, gambling, or sex also occur with manic states. These behaviors can be the most problematic aspect of bipolar disorder, because of legal, financial, and relational consequences that accompany them.
Both manic and depressed moods can vary in severity. In some cases, hallucinations or delusional thinking occurs along side the mood disruptions.
If you think you or some you know is experiencing bipolar disorder, call a healthcare provider right away. Therapy can help build awareness of patterns of mood changes, the thoughts and behaviors that come with the mood changes, and triggers that set them off. Learning how to modify responses to stressful situations, and finding alternative outlets for excessive energy are very helpful for bipolar disorder. Medication can be helpful to stabilize the mood, and research suggests that a combination of medication and psychotherapy produce the best outcomes for this condition.
Read more about bipolar from the National Institute of Mental Health.
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